Learning to read is among the most challenging skills for your kids. This process incorporates several processes and abilities. All these will take some time to develop since it means teaching your kid’s brain new functions.
Like other developmental milestones, there are several significant stages, but different children will vary in age when it comes to learning how to read independently. Even though most kids will be reading alone by age 4 or 5, most will get the hang of it by 6 or 7 years.
There’s a lot you can do to help your child becoming able to learn. Actually, your baby can learn reading, starting from as early as three months. At this early age, you should set up a strong language development base, incorporated with playful conversations, read-alouds, and storytime. Babies will effortlessly absorb the language around them. Here is a guide on how you can start to teach a baby how to read at different phases in life.
Babies (From Birth to 1 year)
The baby’s brain is quite active, and you can start teaching them to read from Birth. You can begin with something simple and relatable to them, such as their name. Also, help them reach board or soft-covered books. Let your baby hold the book and look at the pictures in them. You can also respond to the story by making or cooing sounds as you help them turn pages.
Toddlers (1-2 Years)
Let your kid look at the pictures and spot familiar names for items such as a cup, dog, or cow. Respond to any questions about what is in these books. Identify the favorite book covers and help them recite words from there. Next up, pretend to read as you flip through the pages and makeup stories.
Preschoolers (3-4 Years)
By this age, your child should know how to hold and handle books. They should understand that pages are read from the top to bottom and words from left to the right. Start pinpointing rhyming words. At this juncture, your kid should be able to retell stories. Your kid can now recognize several alphabetical letters and the sounds they make. Moreover, start recognizing their names on print and other common words, such as those on logos and signs.
What you need to know
Before your baby goes to kindergarten you can teach him to read, provided that you are familiar with the basic skills kids have to master in order start reading. There are programs (all of them at a very affordable price and with a money back guarantee) which are extremely effective at helping parents teach their children to read before they are 3-4 years old:
- Reading Head Start is one of the most well researched and highly successful reading strategies available for young kids. It received over time several awards: the founders of the method are so confident about the effectiveness of the program that they offer a 1 year money back guarantee, meaning that if your child is not transformed into a confident reader within a year, they return every penny of your investment in full.
- ChildrenReadingLearning, for example, offers a package (which can be downloaded online) including Phonics Foundations, Lesson Stories, Letter Sounds Audio Clips, Most Common Sight Words, Children’s Favorite Nursery Rhymes and even videos showing, lesson by lesson, progress achievable by kids through the program.
- Udemy, the famous site which offers over 150.000 online video courses, has a couple of specific courses on this topic: the highest rated “Learn to Read baby to preschool. Kids as young as 2 can read” and the best seller “Teach your Child to Read and Write“.
Kindergarteners (5 Years)
Your kid can match letters effortlessly to their respective sound. Identify the starting, middle, and last sounds when reading aloud words such as sit or dog. Say new words after altering the starting sound, such as cat to rat. Begin matching words your kid hears with what they can see on print. Sound out simple words. Begin recognizing words seen without having to say them.
Let your kid answer various questions about stories to test their understanding. Retell stories in order, through pictures and words, and forecast a story. Kindergarteners will sometimes ask you to read books for them either for fun or information. Make sure that during conversations and playtime, you are using story language.
Lower Grade-Schoolers (6-7 Years)
Learn rules concerning spelling. Progressively increase the words they can recognize in print. Enhance fluency and speed when reading. Use context clues to say and comprehend unfamiliar words. Re-read phrases or words that don’t make sense. Most low grade-schoolers can connect what they read to other books, world events, or their own experiences.
Advanced Grade-schoolers (8-10 Years)
Beginning third grade, progress from not only learning how to read but reading to understand. Correctly read words having two or more syllables. Also, learn about suffixes, root words, and prefixes, for instance, those in helpless, unhelpful, and helpful. Use reading for various purposes, such as understanding directions or learning a new thing.
In addition to exploring various genres, describe the characters, plot stories, and solve problems. Point out and summarize event sequences of a story. Distinguish the main them from minor ones. Through clues from earlier knowledge or texts, you can read between the lines. Contrast and compare different text information. Also, use evidence references to answer questions about various texts. The child now understands metaphors, similes, and additional descriptive devices.
Middle and High-Schoolers
Continue expanding vocabulary and reading complex texts. Interpret and study character development, interactions, and advances in the plot. Determine and analyze themes and how they develop with unfolding storylines. Using the test evidence, support your text analysis. Pick out symbolism and imagery, sarcasm, irony, satire, and other styles through the text. Understand, interpret, and summarize ideas from a story.
Bear in mind that different schools focus on various skills at varying grade levels. Also, observe how your kid responds to reading. A kid who is having trouble can easily be noticed at an early age. Look for signs such as connecting wrong sounds with the corresponding letter, anxiousness when reading, or skipping words. If you notice any of these signs, talk with his/her teacher and get to resolve that problem.
In conclusion, highlighted above are some of the critical developmental stages in teaching babies how to read. To encourage them to learn more, praise their achievements with gifts and displaying their works on walls so that they can see that their efforts are recognized.